Bugs and their bites
Illness caused by ticks: The bugs can cause different diseases and rashes (including one that can be deadly). Sometimes after a deer tick bites, it regurgitates a bacterial organism into humans while sucking their blood (which can lead to an infectious disease).
What to do: It's best to get treatment (what kind?) within 24 hours of being bitten, so experts advise going to an emergency room as soon as you find a deer tick on you.
This dreaded rash usually develops at the site of a deer tick bite after several days. This eruption expands outward like a bull's eye target, and often the surrounding bands alternate between clear and red. The rash, which indicates the infection is spreading, can occur even after you receive treatment.
Additional symptoms: The rash is just the first of many symptoms of this disease, which may also include fatigue, joint and muscle pain, headache, vomiting, meningitis, liver problems, and either slow or quick heart beats.
Where they live: Not surprisingly, head lice go wherever the kids are—schools and playgrounds—and spread their mischief through head-to-head contact or children's clothing. The eggs laid by head lice (find out what they are called), which hatch after a week, also need to be removed (see the life cycle of lice).
Symptoms of head lice
When these bugs inject their secretions into the scalp, it results in this symptom. Although these lice don't transmit pathogens, scratching the rash can create sores, which can then become hot and painful or infected.
How to treat: Head lice are often treated with medicated shampoos or lotions, but the best approach is prevention (find home remedies).
Prevention: Because children ages 3 to 10 are favorite targets of head lice, parents should examine their kids' scalps on a regular basis (how to do it), especially if playmates and school pals have been infected (find more ways to prevent lice).
Brown recluse spider
How they look: The brown recluse is also known by this name because of a dark brown spot in the shape of an instrument in its head-and-chest area. Its coloring is mostly brown, with light-colored legs and an oval belly that may be dark brown or yellow.
Where they live: Located predominantly in this region, the brown recluse likes to hide and is especially fond of human homes (find more hiding places). They like dark areas, garages, closets and air and heating ducts, and are especially active nocturnal hunters.
The bites may be painless but the fangs of the brown recluse spider release venom that can turn the bite site into a severe ulcer after the bite's scab falls off within a few days. That new ulcer, which now may take months to heal, is blue at the center and surrounded by a pale ring that in turn is surrounded by a red ring (find more ways to identify a bite).
Additional symptoms: Other symptoms may include fever, chills, general pain, seizures and even breathing difficulty, if the bite occurs on or near the head or neck. (Find more symptoms.)
What to do: Experts say people bitten by the brown recluse, especially the young and elderly, should seek immediate care for wound-healing treatment. The brown recluse spiders' favorite outdoor areas are dry wood piles.
How they look: Pets are not the only creatures with an ax to grind against fleas. These hard-shelled, long-legged insects—they can grow to 1/8 inch—are agile jumpers. They're dark-reddish-brown with a side-to-side flattened body (see more photos).
Symptoms of flea bites
As part of their blood-sucking agenda, fleas wreak their havoc by injecting saliva into the skin. Their bites leave red marks that, if itchy, can be treated with over-the-counter antihistamine or hydrocortisone products (find home remedies).
Prevention: Fleas tend to jump off their targets on their own, but sometimes they linger. When that happens, sometimes dabbing them off with this product is the best solution. Making sure Fido is free of fleas is an important step in preventing human flea bites (find ways to prevent fleas on your pet).
Where they live: Your chances of meeting up with this bug increase if you're in these types of gardens. Bees are extremely protective of their load and fiercely protective of the hive and will sting if they sense danger (find out where hives are often found).
Symptoms of Honey bee stings
A honey bee's barbed stinger is connected to a sac full of venom that can act as a potent allergen in the body. People sensitive to the venom can experience symptoms that include difficulty in breathing or swallowing, elevated heart rate, swelling of the skin, mouth, throat or tongue, and an overall body rash (find more symptoms). In more severe cases, the person may experience this due to a severe allergic response, and even death.
Treatment: If you can see the stinger, pull it out (find out how).